Tips to avoid catching a cold or the flu this fall
(News Canada) — Ever wonder why you often get sick during the transition between fall and winter? Colds and flu are very contagious and can spread quickly and easily, especially as we move indoors and spend more time closer together. Here are some tips to help you stay healthy and fight cold and flu this fall:
Get vaccinated: The best thing you can do to prevent the flu is to get your flu vaccine every year. Flu viruses change from year to year and experts create a new vaccine to protect you each flu season. You cannot get the flu from the vaccine.
Hand washing: Washing your hands is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain germs just by touching another person, and catch them when you touch contaminated objects or surfaces and then touch your face. Keep shared surfaces clean. Practice proper hand washing by using an adequate amount of plain soap, rubbing your hands together to create friction and rinsing under running water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand cleaner.
Sleep right: Have you ever gotten sick after a week or two of staying up late only to feel like you have yourself to blame? Sleeping well helps make us healthier and getting your seven to nine hours can do more for your health than you may realize. Sleeping the right amount keeps your immune system healthier, keeps stress levels down and helps your body repair itself.
De-stress: Long-term stress puts extra wear and tear on your body, dampening your immune system and diminishing your ability of fighting off illnesses. Studies show that a few simple behaviours can have amazing results in keeping your stress levels low. Unwinding with a hobby, exercising regularly and spending time with friends may help keep your stress levels in check.
Take antibiotics as directed by your healthcare provider: Remember that antibiotics are only effective in treating bacterial infections and not cold and flu viruses. Taking antibiotics for a cold or the flu won’t help you get better and can contribute to antibiotic resistance. You can also reduce the risks of antibiotic resistance by preventing infection or the spread of infection. Wash your hands often, keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth, cough or sneeze into your sleeve, keep your vaccinations up to date and stay at home if you’re sick.
QUESTIONS ABOUT MEDICATIONS FOR YOUR CHILDREN?
Starting your child on a new medication can worry almost any parent. That’s why it’s important to make sure you get all the information you need when you talk to your child’s healthcare provider.
Doctors and nurse practitioners make sure the medicines they prescribe to children are safe and effective. But as a parent, it’s important that you have all the details you need to keep on top of any medical issue.
Here are some useful questions to ask when your child is starting a new medication:
- Why did you choose this medication for my child?
- If this medication works, how will it help my child?
- Will we need to adjust the dose?
- How soon can we expect to see improvement in my child’s symptoms?
- Are there possible side effects? If so, what are they?
- How long should my child continue to take this medication?
While it’s natural to be concerned when your child is starting a new medication, you shouldn’t have to think about whether you can afford it. Starting January 1, 2018, Ontario will cover the cost of over 4,400 medications for all children and youth aged 24 and under.
Enrolment in OHIP+ will be automatic based on age. Prescriptions can be filled free of charge at any Ontario pharmacy – all that’s needed is a health card number. OHIP+ represents the biggest expansion of Medicare in Ontario in more than a generation.
For more information, visit https://www.ontario.ca/page/learn-about-ohip-plus